- bruising of the urethra during vigorous sex
- poor hygiene on the part of either or both sexual partners
- wearing very tight trousers
- having a catheter fitted
- using a diaphragm as a form of contraception
- the chemicals in some products (such as soaps, bubble bath and vaginal deodorants)
- holding on too long before urinating
- the lower levels of hormones in women after the menopause
- a strong urge to urinate, even when your bladder is empty
- passing frequent small amounts of urine
- stinging or burning when passing urine
- dark or cloudy urine
- strong-smelling urine
- blood in the urine
- dull pain in the lower back or abdomen
- feeling generally unwell or having a fever
- there is blood in your urine
- you feel no better after 24 hours
- you are or may be pregnant
- you develop a temperature
- you have pain in the lower back or severe abdominal pain
- the cystitis keeps coming back
- Drink at least one to two litres of water or bland liquid every day
- Pass urine as soon as you need to, rather than trying to hang on
- Women should wipe from front to back after using the toilet
- Make sure you empty your bladder completely by sitting up straight on the toilet
- Avoid perfumed soaps, vaginal deodorants, bubble baths, etc.
- Avoid wearing tight trousers
- Wear cotton, rather than synthetic, underwear
- Avoid or cut down on alcohol, fruit juices, tea and coffee, or spicy food
- Wash your hands and genitals before sex
- Try to urinate immediately after sex
- Use a lubricant to reduce friction and bruising
- Avoid touching the anus
This information was published by Bupa Group's Health Content Team and has been reviewed by appropriate medical or clinical professionals. To the best of their knowledge the information is current and based on reputable sources of medical evidence, however Bupa (Asia) Limited makes no representation or warranty as to the completeness or accuracy of the Content.
The information on this page, and any information on third party websites referred to on this page, is provided as a guide only. It should not be relied upon as a substitute for professional medical advice, nor is it intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment. Bupa (Asia) Limited is not liable for any loss or damage you suffer arising out of the use of, or reliance on, the information.
Third party websites are not owned or controlled by Bupa and any individual may be able to access and post messages on them. Bupa is not responsible for the content or availability of these third party websites. Last updated August 2017.
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