There are different types of ovarian cancer. The most common is epithelial ovarian cancer, which affects the lining of the ovaries. Nine out of 10 ovarian cancers are epithelial. There are several different types of epithelial ovarian cancer; the most common type is called ‘serous’.
Radiotherapy can be used to treat many different types of cancer. Radiotherapy works by destroying the DNA inside cancer cells, preventing them from reproducing and so shrinking cancerous tumours. Normal cells will also be affected but they are better able to repair themselves.
An abnormal or uncontrolled growth of the cells of the skin can be benign or malignant. If it's malignant, it's called skin cancer. A malignant growth can invade neighbouring tissues or spread to distant organs in the body (metastasis).
The risk of developing thyroid cancer in women is fairly constant between the age of 30 and 55, after which the risk falls. But for men, the risk of developing thyroid cancer goes up with age until 75 years. South Asian women are at a higher risk of developing thyroid cancer.
Chemotherapy is used to destroy many different types of cancer at various stages. Chemotherapy medicines can stop cancer cells dividing and reproducing. Your healthy cells can repair the damage caused by chemotherapy, but cancer cells can't and eventually die.
Breast cancer is a tumour in the breast that contains cancerous cells. A breast tumour is a lump created by an abnormal and uncontrolled growth of cells. It can either be malignant (cancerous) or benign (not cancerous). Nine out of 10 breast lumps are benign.
White blood cells are made in your bone marrow - the soft, spongy centre of your bones. They are involved in your immune system, which defends your body against infection and other harmful substances. There are two main types of white blood cell. These are myeloid cells and lymphocytes.