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Heart and circulation

Welcome to Bupa's health hub of information on heart and circulation.

Heart attack

A heart attack, also known as myocardial infarction or coronary thrombosis, happens when a coronary artery (a blood vessel that supplies the heart with blood) carrying oxygen-rich blood to the heart is blocked.


A stroke happens when the blood supply to your brain is cut off. If your brain doesn't get enough blood to provide the oxygen and nutrients it needs, your brain cells will become damaged or die.


Angina is a symptom of coronary heart disease. Based on the Population Health Survey 2003/04, 1.6% of Hong Kong people aged 15 and above had doctor-diagnosed coronary heart disease.


Your heart will usually beat between 60 and 100 times a minute when you're resting. There are certain times when it may beat faster or slower than this, for example if you're exercising or depending on how fit you are.

Coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease happens when fatty deposits build up on the walls of your coronary arteries. This is known as atherosclerosis.

Heart failure

Heart failure is the result of damage to your heart muscle. This damage may weaken your heart, but it doesn't mean that your heart is about to stop. Your heart's pumping action may be weaker, which makes it more difficult to pump as much blood and oxygen as you need around your body.

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How to choose a VHIS plan?
As there are many VHIS plans available, we should not merely compare the premiums but pay more attention to the details to select a VHIS plan with a higher price–performance ratio... Read more
What's the difference between medical and critical illness insurance?
Many people are unsure about the differences between medical insurance and critical illness insurance. While they both provide protection for the insured, the two actually serve different purposes... Read more
What is a deductible?
A deductible is the portion of eligible medical expenses paid by the subscriber up to an agreed amount before the insurance company starts to pay for expenses over that amount in a claims settlement... Read more
What is hospital cash insurance?
Hospital cash gives you cash compensation when you are hospitalised, protecting you against the loss of income. A standalone hospital cash benefit plan is payable according to the amount of your daily sum insured... Read more
What is loading?
Loading is a term used in the insurance industry to refer to the extra charge added to the subscription at renewal due to previous claims made by the subscriber... Read more
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